He was the father of Pelias and Neleus by Tyro, the daughter of Salmoneus, and thus became the divine ancestor of the royal families of Thessaly and Messenia. Poseidon (/ p ə ˈ s aɪ d ən , p ɒ -, p oʊ -/ ; Greek: Ποσειδῶν , pronounced [poseːdɔ́ːn]) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth , god of the sea, storms, earthquakes and horses. Poseidon is the god of the seas in Greek mythology and like his brothers Zeus and Hades is one of the 3 eldest gods among the Gods of Olympus. His name seems to be connected with πότος (potos), πόντος (pontos), and ποταμός (potamos), according to which he is the god of the fluid element. Poseidon was the god of the sea and protector of all aquatic animals and features. Poseidon and Amphitrite, a nymph and ancient sea-goddess and daughter of Oceanus, had many children includin… He is distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. His siblings include: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Zeus. The list goes on and includes hundreds of consorts and at least as many children. For reasons that have so far eluded us, Poseidon the Sea God is well-known for his love of horses. Poseidon was first adapted for the DC Universe by Gardner Fox and Sheldon Moldoff and debuted in Flash Comics #9 (1940). She turned into a mare to run away from him, but he changed himself into a stallion to chase her. He is the son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea, as well as one of the Big Three. He was known to be vengeful when insulted. Poseidon was god of the sea and brother to Zeus and Hades. In charge of: the Ocean Area of expertise: Sea, Seas, Ocean, Oceans. Poseidon was not at all jealous of his brothers or their power. Poseidon chose Amphitrite from among her sisters as the Nereids performed a dance on the isle of Naxos. However, with the help of Thetis and Briareus, Zeus overpowered his challengers. Zeus was saved by Rhea, their mother, and spirited away to be taken care of in secret by Gaea, the Earth and their grandmother, until the day he would come of age to free Poseidon and his other siblings still trapped in Cronus' stomach. Birth of Poseidon Poseidon was the son of Cronus and Rhea, the king and queen of the Titans. Poseidon’s offspring were myriad. And, much like him, he was not exactly loved back by them. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus. In the coastal city of Corinth, in the northern Mediterranean, Poseidon was the god of the people. Ecosystem. Poseidon hurling his trident, coin (reverse), 306–282. Ruins of a temple of Poseidon, Attica, Greece. Poseidon has a three pronged spear called a trident which he uses to control the sea. Notable among these was a contest for sovereignty over Attica, which he lost to the goddess Athena. In Roman mythology, he was known as Neptune. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea and was swallowed by his … His mood was a reflection of the state of his realm. Euadne by Lena, daughter of Leucippus. Amphitrite, in Greek mythology, the goddess of the sea, wife of the god Poseidon, and one of the 50 (or 100) daughters (the Nereids) of Nereus and Doris (the daughter of Oceanus). He held sway over the seas and waters, and is particularly known for causing tempests. Although he was officially one of the supreme gods of Mount Olympus, he spent most of his time in his watery domain. His siblings include: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Zeus. Many were assigned his parentage to emphasize their rough and brutal nature--such as the opponents of Heracles. He is a merman, with the upper body of a human and fish tails and fins. Poseidon is nowadays known exclusively as a sea god, but in ancient times, he may have been the god of the earth and fertility or even the supreme god of the sky. This page provides an expansive overview of the children of Zeus. He was one of the 12 Olympians who made up the council of the gods. Cycnus by Calyce, daughter of Hecato. Once, he even wanted to obtain Athens from Athena, claiming that the city would have much more benefit from him than her. 1 He was a son of Cronus and Rhea, whence he is called Kronios (Κρόνιος) and by Latin poets Saturnius. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... An amphora (jar) with a representation of Poseidon, attributed to the Berlin Painter, c. 470–465, Poseidon, marble statue from Melos, 2nd century. Abas by Arethusa, daughter of Nereus. After growing up, Zeus successfully infiltrated Kronos' Palace on Mount Othrys as the Titan King's royal cup bearer. 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